Sometimes They Liked It Rough…
Although Harlequin is now known as the publishers of about a zillion pulpy category romance titles, this Canadian publishing dynasty was founded way back in 1949 in Winnipeg, Manitoba by Advocate Printers and Doug Weld of Bryant Press, Richard Bonnycastle (who handled production) and Jack Palmer, Canadian distributor of The Saturday Evening Post (who was in charge of marketing). They started by publishing everything and anything they could get their hands on: mystery, western, science fiction, sports, adventure, cookbooks, nonfiction and even “literature,” as well as, of course, romance.
Sure, they published relatively genteel mysteries by such expected authors as Agatha Christie and Arthur Conan Doyle, but they also showed a decided bent for the harder stuff, regularly publishing in their early days works by such crime authors as Wade Miller, Robert Leslie Bellem, Day Keene, Robert O. Saber, Harry Whittington, Ronald Cooke, James Hadley Chase, Frank Kane, David Montrose, Cleve Adams, Joe Barry and David Goodis.
In fact, through the years they’ve continue to publish a vast array of crime fiction, under a variety of imprints, including Raven House, Worldwide Mystery and Intrigue, by such authors as Dell Shannon, Maxine O’Callaghan, James Axler, Don Pendleton and William Campbell Gault. I even had the pleasure of meeting one of their more recent writers, Joyce Sullivan, a former private eye herself.
In 2009, to celebrate the company’s 60th anniversary (and no doubt inspired by Hard Case Crime‘s staggering success), Harlequin reissued six of their early crime thrillers (above), complete with their early, cheesy, pulpy covers.
The plan was to release the books “as is.” Unfortunately, not only were the covers retouched, but they also felt compelled to tinker with the text. As one Harlequin editor put it:
… once we immersed ourselves in the text, our eyes grew wide. Our jaws dropped. Social behavior — such as hitting a woman — that would be considered totally unacceptable now was quite common sixty years ago. Scenes of near rape would not sit well with a contemporary audience, we were quite convinced. We therefore decided to make small adjustments to the text, only in cases where we felt scenes or phrases would be offensive to a 2009 readership. Also, grammar and spelling standards have changed quite a bit in sixty years.
In 2014, Harlequin was purchased by News Corp. and is now a division of HarperCollins. But its headquarters are still in Toronto. Serves them right…
- Blasts from the Past
Some great publishers of Hard-boiled and Detective Fiction (and a few favourites).
- Nothing Says Violence Like Harlequin
This Busby guy knows of which he speaks…